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#CitSciChat – Preliminary visualisations and analysis of discussion

29 Jan-2015 | Author: citizenscience in analysis | citizen scientist | community

Yesterday, Caren Cooper and SciStarter hosted a Twitter discussion tagged #CitSciChat. The chat was structured around ten questions that were tweeted out and then anyone could answer. There is a Storify thread summarising the discussion, which gives a good overview.

However, I also analysed the discussion using a couple of digital tools. With NodeXL, I collected both the content of the tweets and the meta-data. Then I visualised the interactions and social network(s) that emerged in the real-time discussion.

In total there were 191 participants (nodes) creating 867 interactions with each other (edges).

Here are a few preliminary visualisations and a summary of the discussion. (feel free to re-use them)

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First, the network structure of the interactions. Larger nodes mean a higher degree of incoming “@-tweets”. The colors are distributed according to the Modularity Filter in Gephi, indicating different “communities”.

Skärmavbild 2015-01-29 kl. 11.30.18

To zoom in, either use this interactive map or pdf-file. Unsurprisingly, the moderator @CoopSciScoop is the central node of the network. But there are also other familiar names, and disussions emerging outside the centre of gravity.

Another way of visualising, is to use the profile images.

citscichat1

The discussion

I also collected the content of all the tweets. Because every tweet was marked up with Q1, Q2, Q3… for each question and A1, A2, A3 for every answer, it was fairly easy to grep the relevant lines in the messy thread. For clarity, I have shortened and cleansed the tweets just to get a brief glimpse of the answers to the questions. (for full conversation, see the Storify link above). Please excuse the “raw” format, I prioritized being close to the source data rather than summarising everything neatly.

Here is first topic #CitSciChat Q1. There are other names for #citizenscience – what are some?

citizen sensing 🙂
More items CitizenObservatories ResponsibleResearchInnovation Science2.0 DigitalSocialPlatform SmartCitizens #CitSciChat
fablabs livinglabs crowdscience crowdfunding
crowdsourcing,volunteered geographic information, civic science #CitSciChat
crowdsourcing,volunteered geographic information, civic science #CitSciChat
In environmental projects, we often use public participation #CitSciChat
More items CitizenObservatories ResponsibleResearchInnovation Science2.0 DigitalSocialPlatform SmartCitizens #CitSciChat
#citizenscience is a wide concept! #CitSciChat OpenDigitalScience ParticipatoryScience AmateurScience PopularScience AmateurScience…
In environmental projects, we often use public participation #CitSciChat
we also have all the lovely amateur naturalist, birdwatcher, butterfly collector, amateur astronomer and other older terms…
Here in Seattle the #quantifiedself folks are often doing #citscichat but don’t label that way
PPSR = Great descriptive name, not so great acronym. RT @maryeford: A1: Public Participation in Scientific Research… PPSR! #CitSciChat
sometimes “crowdsourcing” used as a term to describe certain kinds of cit sci #citscichat
volunteered science, volunteer monitoring, sometimes crowdsourcing is used interchangeably #CitSciChat
Public Participation in Scientific Research… PPSR! #CitSciChat
civic science, public science, participatory science …RT @CoopSciScoop: Here is first topic #CitSciChat Q1

Thoughts – #CitSciChat Q2. What disciplines are involved in #citizenscience?

which are not?
economics (seeing more evaluations come from univ’s econ departs) #CitSciChat
Deciphering handwriting! Not sure what “discipline” that falls under though. #CitSciChat
Are there disciplines that are notably NOT involved in citizen science that we think *should* be? #citscichat
Ecology, biology, social, economic, GIS info to move towards sustainable fisheries in ulf of California #CitSciChat
I think #citizenscience makes the biggest impact in the education discipline
I also believe that #citizenscience should be never disciplinary…
we’ve found examples of CS in arts, linguistics, geography, biology, biochem, genetics, oceanography… #CitSciChat
we work in physics, biotechnology, humanities, enviromental monitoring, policy making, education and learning, arts, ethics..
Hello everyone! This is a great conversation! A2: weather monitoring has been performed for years by the community #CitSciChat
we’ve found examples of CS in arts, linguistics, geography, biology, biochem, genetics, oceanography… #CitSciChat
Ecology, Environmental sciences, physics (astronomy), geology, medical, marine science. Not chemistry so I have noted!
Hello everyone! This is a great conversation! A2: weather monitoring has been performed for years by the community #CitSciChat
All! the more diversity the better. CitizenScience is a mean, not a goal. Any field can be citizenscience-enabled-improved
We really like to focuss on the challenge and then build the research team. We have a transdisciplinar approach #CitSciChat
#biodiversity studies are very common. #waterquality studies are historically common in #CitizenScience projects.
#citizenscience is crucial to our #habitat monitoring projects. #CitSciChat
participatory geography and Human-Computer Interaction are important to make citizen science projects successful…
Based on submissions to #CitSci2015 – so many! Bio, astro, human health, env. monitoring, digitizing, mapping, etc! A2. #biodiversity studies are very common. #waterquality studies are historically common in #CitizenScience projects.
Hello follks. In weather, @CoCoRaHS has been used by thousands for decades for precipitation records. #CitSciChat
We do a lot of cit sci work in ecology/environmental science #citscichat
Seismology for sure. It has always relied on citizen observations. Only way to know past earthquakes #CitSciChat
We do a lot of cit sci work in ecology/environmental science #citscichat

#CitSciChat Q3. What are goals of #citizenscience associations like @CSA, ECSA, and @CSNA?

be inclusive! and define standards, ethical guidelines, promote overarching data archives, annual conferences… lovely work!
please read the White Paper on Citizen Science for Europe (by @socientize & community) recommendations for meso level!
#citizenscience is above all #openscience and we shall avoid the crazily competitive aspect of #science
associations must provide support, add value, do things, aggregate/integrate communities, multiplier effect…
facilitate coordination! (spread knowledge!) identify, monitor, evaluate, exchange best practices and methods…
Supporting countries,address singularities of actors,promote new projects,interface among stockholders,sh…
Agree! But i think that most important aspect is to share methodologies, experiences, failure, success, worries..
Supporting countries,address singularities of actors,promote new projects,interface among stockholders,share resources…
more concrete: Research, deployment, infrastructure, porting
I think the new Citizen Science:Theory and Practice journal will be a great resource. http://t.co/vfkIA38ovp #CitSciChat
associations must provide support, add value, do things, aggregate/integrate communities, multiplier effect…
Would love to see #tenure pts for scientists who use best practices in #citizenscience #CitSciChat
we all scaffolding infrastructures should do citizen2 science, citizen meta-science, deliver citizen science as a service
Bit of a deep dive but A3 paper from @SyracuseU http://t.co/7O26VYRbaV … #CitSciChat
Another goal of @CitSciAssoc is to promote the value of cit sci. Also to provide access to tools/resources
Feedback I get is non-scientists enjoyment in participating/contributing to pro research. #citscichat #citizenscience
for ECSA (European Cit Sci Assoc) details at http://t.co/9qXl6NCGNr #CitSciChat about linking different activities in Europe and beyond
is global community of practice for citizen science, has goal to advance the field thru innovation/collaboration
Connecting people to nature. Increasing peoples understanding of the nature of science. Obtaining data for research.
Avocate, explain and smooth the way. Help with funding ideas. Help with not re-inventing the wheel. #CitSciChat
Great As! also connecting data & observations, raising new Qs, reuse/confirm data, improve practice @CoopSciScoop #CitSciChat
connecting communities, sparking and supporting collaborations, rising the collective citsci tide…RT #CitSciChat Q3.
Researchers sometimes want to improve outreach via #citizenscience #citscichat
The goal of @CitSciOZ is to make everything easier. On citizens as well as scientists. Introduce “Best Practice”.
connecting communities, sparking and supporting collaborations, rising the collective citsci tide…RT #CitSciChat Q3.

And #CitSciChat Q4. What sorts of resources do practitioners of #citizenscience need?

What are best practices for participant metadata: what demographic data can be requested, how can it be stored safely, etc. #CitSciChat
I’d like ethical guidelines – e.g. set of best practices to keep outdoor observers safe. #CitSciChat
guidelines,multimedia documentation,agenda,engagement strategies and channels, funding opportunities, learning materials…
evaluation metrics and indicators (different levels: scientific, societal, economic, environmental, behavioral) @ODS_study
shared spaces and events to meet in the physical world. educational resources: didactical units… experimental data
we have news: we are creating a huge space for citizen science (500.000€ equipment) in Zaragoza
computing resources: servers (housing, hosting),storage, computing,tools,frameworks,software,middleware.. fablab or CitSciLab
@mhaklay that cit sci practitioners must work together on question of ensuring data quality (technology helps!)
Transparency in process and results to generate trust & increase participation #CitizenScience #CitSciChat
a platform for collaboration so that all #CitizenScientists can work as a community #CitSciChat
#CitizenScience needs people – participants, researchers, educators, evaluators, marketers, grant writers, and more.#CitSciChat #team
Patience and understanding. The key is to adapt to participants expectations — as scientists we learned this!
Protocols that are easy to follow! @CoopSciScoop
Cit sci practitioners need to learn from the successes & failures of others, to be able to bounce ideas off each other
seem that a lot of people are looking for information about motivations and how to ensure data quality? #CitSciChat @CoopSciScoop
Data recording devices (computer/ tablet, pen and paper, camera/ smart phone!) & easy training! @CoopSciScoop #CitSciChat
Right now I would benefit the most from a list of successful incentives for getting citizens involved!
Very diverse resources such as community managers, open data expertise & data privacy specialists.
Patience and understanding. The key is to adapt to participants expectations
Other practitioners! 🙂 #CitSciChat
#CitSciChat friends if you want to be a citizen scientist and help on the shark research boat here, check out http://t.co/A4vfb3d6Xp
Scientist: Access to previously sourced data. Website & social media for advertisting and keeping in touch @CoopSciS…

#CitSciChat Q5. What are the pros and cons of these #citizenscience associations?

democracy, visibility, efficiency unexpected actors to the policy-making and decision processes… trusted community!!!
cons: top-down, self-interest, not real actors! just like science must be open, citizen science associations must be open
pervasive scientific literacy “The scientific spirit is of more value than its products” – Thomas Huxley
New associations will have to be careful to be global. Hard to involve those from some regions. #CitSciChat
Share, collaborate, new networks and colleagues Cons:Echo chamber, me toos, doesn’t always include volunteers/amateurs
But the sci questions might be! RT @jmhulbert: A5: #citscichat a con may be #citizenscience initiatives no longer be novel to funders
A major pro of a #CitizenScience is having it be viewed more formally and respectfully by the entire scientific community. #CitSciChat
Forming a #CitizenScience association is a pro and con. I hope the #inclusiveness of CS stays. #CitSciChat #community #team
Forming a #CitizenScience association is a pro and con. I hope the #inclusiveness of CS stays. #CitSciChat #community #team
Pros: provide a resource for learning and advancing citizen knowledge & awareness not just the associations needs #CitSciC…
Cons: academics and scientists don’t always trust data and understand process #CitSciChat”
We may be in danger of over-professionalizing cit sci. Some of its value is in putting science back in the hands of citizens #citscichat
a con may be that #citizenscience initiatives may no longer be novel or exciting to funding sources
Cons: Risk of becoming a discipline as other existing ones, Pros. Sharing, sharing and sharing and sharing
Pros:creating community in #citizenscience! Promoting citsci. Con: don’t want to silo citizen science from science. #CitSciChat
I think even though they don’t mean to, academics (me included) can ‘drown out’ citizens. Will have avoid this. #CitSciChat
academics and scientists don’t always trust data and understand process #CitSciChat
Pros: provide a resource for learning and advancing citizen knowledge & awareness not just the associations needs #CitSciChat
Being part of a #citizenscience community, networking, sharing info/resources. Cons: keeping momentum/interest #citscichat
on the positive side, ability to have a clear voice and ensure that #CitizenScience is securing its place #CitSciChat
#citscichat a con may be that #citizenscience initiatives may no longer be novel or exciting to funding sources
For A5, one risk is that the associations limit what is included in citizen science and what isn’t #CitSciChat – need to keep it wide for now
Pro:creating community in #citizenscience =huge plus! Promoting citsci. Cons: don’t want to silo citizen science from science #CitSciChat
Pros: collective learning, transparency, sustainable long-term commitments #CitSciChat

#CitSciChat Q6. What are some examples of best practices in #citizenscience?

respect for participants: inform, state conditions clearly, help give return and feedback. dont forget the #science pa…
Provide feedback to your #CitizenScience participants. We should want them to know that their participation is valued. #CitSciChat
Example of great privacy/legal dashboard for #citscichat health-related http://t.co/USCDXcin8D @Sagebio #resilience project
Using/understanding scientific method is (in my experience) great method for establishing solid #citizenscience foundation. #CitSciChat
identify and use open and easily portable data frameworks that can be adopted to answer many questions @coopsciscoop
Political action and immediate impact on very concrete issues #CitSciChat
focusing on the educational output of engaging the public!”
program empowering local communities to lead in fisheries management bc only they can produce data #CitSciChat
#citizenscience projects for both science engagement & science data. Sci questions that can ONLY be answered through…
focusing on the educational output of engaging the public!

#CitSciChat Q7. What’s the range of activities of citizen scientists? #citizenscience

citizens promote&co-create experiments with scientific-based methodologies and tools @crowdcrafting
citizens provide intellectual power (doing scientific tasks , participating in complex surveys and citizens provide resources (computers,smartphones, cameras, scientific equipment…),experimental data, peer-based community…
citizen scientists use, fund, collaborate, contribute, evaluate, appraise, change, shift, evolve …
data but also learn about underlying model & assumptions, build instruments (apps+sensors) share learnings
citizen scientists use, fund, collaborate, contribute, evaluate, appraise, change, shift, evolve …
Human-wildlife conflict & community capacity building: Room for citizen social sciences & mixed methodologies #CitSciChat
Citizen scientists touch, listen, visualize, discover, learn, initiate, develop, emerge, support, catalyze, participate…
with the right training nothing is beyond the range of citizen scientists!
Taking photos of organisms is primarily what we do at #NHMLA. Collecting spiders and sending them to us has been done too. #CitSciChat
our program includes fisheries monitoring, biological monitoring, gathering GIS data, communicating results #CitSciChat
Range of activities basically includes outside, inside and under water here in #Australia! #CitSciChat

#CitSciChat Q8. What are hoped for outcomes of the #citizenscience conference in Feb?

how can we ensure all who can’t come to #CitSci2015 can benefit from lessons and knowledge that is shared?
Excited to get more #citizenscience in the classroom and aligned to #NGSS so teachers can use the lessons!
Example, A8 – http://t.co/CJ3LUYKkt2 Beta life-science #citizenscience project #citscichat (participants must READ well) h/t …
A8 seeing all the new connections and ideas for projects, and the growing communities. Learning about other projects #CitSciChat
ideas that help starting new citizen science projects be successful and ideas that help those projects make …
for me, personally: meeting more of our amazing community. Networking. Finding synergies in new places. So excited! #…
Would like to understand divide between life and environmental sciences in #citizenscience Need bridges #citscichat
ideas that help starting new citizen science projects be successful and ideas that help those projects make an impact
To help local projects link into global data collecting efforts. To move other projects outside of US too. …
Making new connections that lead to advances in the field of #citizenscience – new projects, partnerships
Action! All conferences should be looking to facilitate action and not just discussion. #CitSciChat
Inclusion, everyone feeling like they have a voice. Building community. Making #citizenscience even better & stronger. #CitSciChat

#CitSciChat Q9. Are #citizenscience practices universal or do they differ in different countries?

I am personally finding them pretty universal having experience in both Oz and the US #CitSciChat
logo that stays with pubs. showing %data from #citizenscience, Way to suggest future research direction #citscichat
Absolutely! 🙂 RT @LQDdata: A9: #CitizenScience awareness = participation = ownership = sustainability #CitSciChat
I am personally finding them pretty universal having experience in both Oz and the US #CitSciChat
awareness = participation = ownership = sustainability #CitSciChat
some practices might be similar -take photos report sightings etc but bound to vary by availability of resources, inv…
I think it differs. We talk a lot in @CitSciOz about metadata vs language. Words like “subject” can mean different things #CitSciChat
You are always learning! #CitSciChat
Further, do countries do ‘science’ broadly differently too? #citscichat & does this lead to best practice…
we adapt dynamics of our programs in each community and incorporate new technology and techniques as they become available #CitSciChat
a growing respect for #CitizenScience data and the conclusion they report #CitSciChat
There are common methodologies. Wonderful thing is that every project is different and cultures are different
a growing respect for #CitizenScience data and the conclusion they report #CitSciChat
Further, do countries do ‘science’ broadly differently too? #citscichat & does this lead to best practice discussions again
Having reviewed many #CitSci2015 proposals, I think they differ. The conference should confirm that. #CitSciChat
#citscichat Maybe incentives for participation lead to the greatest differences between projects?
#citscichat I suspect may be a reporting or documentation element here – many regions have involvement difficult to monitor
I feel for A9, we still need some reviews and research! eg. what about range of languages being used today in #citizenscience? #CitSciChat
Maybe incentives for participation lead to the greatest differences between projects?

#CitSciChat Q10. Please share your favorite things on the #citizenscience horizon?

I want to see wearable citizen science,digital arts and collective intelligence,neurodata gathering and new societal values!
more people connecting to internet of things to generate data
Hoping to eventually see dedicated funding lines for #citizenscience, particularly for long-term projects w/ low up…
tools and big efforts to mobilize data a people to make positives change on local and global scales…
Projects sharing platforms/technologies/protocols so we don’t have to build new software over & over. #citscichat
Hoping to eventually see dedicated funding lines for #citizenscience, particularly for long-term projects w/ low upkeep #citscichat
more people connecting to internet of things to generate data
data *and* communities RT @MeghaninMotion: A10: Connecting silo’ed, distributed but related data.. #CitSciChat
I look forward to projects sharing platforms/technologies/protocols so we don’t have to build new software over & over. #citscichat
Increasing use of mobile tech & access to variety of projects regardless of where participants live. #CitSciChat
Connecting silo’ed & distributed but related data thru efforts of multiple (potentially unrelated) projects #CitSciChat @CoopSciScoop
Increasing use of mobile tech & access to variety of projects regardless of where participants live. #CitSciChat #citizenscience
Neurosynaptic processors opening up previously human-only visual identification projects (galaxies, cells, pa…
improved policymaking, more access to tools/data/projects, new interdisciplinary communities (in-person)RT @CoopSciScoop:…
sensor network for #biodiversity. It’s the only way to really get the data needed for conservation! #CitSciChat
improved policymaking, more access to tools/data/projects, new interdisciplinary communities (in-person)RT @CoopSciScoop: #CitSciChat

/Christopher
For more information and source data, please e-mail christopher dot kullenberg AT gu dot se

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